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八年級下冊英語知識點歸納:第二單元

作者:未知     來源:網絡    2017-03-07

 
  一、重點短語
 
  1.argue v.爭論;爭吵   argue with sb.與某人吵架
 
  I argued with my best friend.我和我的好朋友吵架了。
 
  2.① either adv.(用于否定句)也
 
  He doesn’t have any money, and I don’t, either.他沒有錢,我也沒有。
 
  I can’t play chess. She can’t, either.我不會下國際象棋,她也不會。
 
  ② too 也(用于肯定或疑問句)
 
  I’m a teacher. He is a teacher, too.我是老師,他也是老師。
 
  3.ask (sb.)for sth.向某人尋求某物;要……
 
  Don’t ask for food every day. Go and find some work. 別天天要飯,找點兒工作做。
 
  I don’t think you should ask your parents for some money.我想你不應向父母要錢。
 
  4.the same as... 與……相同 (注意前后兩個比較對象的屬性保持一致)
 
  The clothes are the same as my friends’.這些衣服與我朋友的一樣。
 
  Tom is the same age as Anna.= Tom is as old as Anna. 湯姆和安娜一樣大。
 
  Her backpack is the same as mine. 她的背包與我的一樣。
 
  5.except 除……以外;(不包括……在內)
 
  My class has been invited except me.除我以外,我的同學都被邀請了。
 
  All the students went to the park except him.除了他之外,全體同學都去過公園了。
 
  They all traveled America except her. 除了她以外,所有的學生都去美國旅行過。
 
  注意區別:besides 除……以外,還有...(包括在內)
 
  We all went there besides him.除他去以外,我們也都去了。
 
  (= He went there. We went there, too.) 他也去了,我們也去了!/大家都去了!
 
  There are five more visitors besides me.除了我之外還有5名訪客 (加上我是6個)
 
  6.wrong adj.錯誤的;有毛病的;不合適的
 
  ─ What’s wrong with you? 你怎么了?(你哪里不舒服?)
 
  ─ I’ve got a headache.我頭痛。
 
  What’s wrong with your watch? It doesn’t work.你的手表怎么了?它不走了。
 
  注意:What’s the matter with you?= What’s wrong with you ?=What’s the trouble with you? 你怎么了?/你出什么事了?
 
  7.get on(well) with sb.與某人相處(融洽)
 
  get on ( well ) with sth. 某事進展地好
 
  The students will get on well with the teacher.學生會和老師相處得非常好。
 
  How are you going on with your new friends? 你和你的新朋友相處的如何 ?
 
  These days, Mr. Green gets on well with his new job.
 
  這些天,格林先生的工作進展很順利
 
  8. have a fight with sb.= fight with sb.與某人打架
 
  I don’t want to have a fight with my cousin. 我不想和我的堂兄打架。
 
  They never fight with each other. They are really good friends.
 
  他們從不打架,他們的確是好朋友。
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